1. Problem Definition.
Takatuf14 team has just formed after five days of face-to-face session in Muscat. Almost, all are new to each other and yet have 5 projects to go ahead with. Program manger has been appointed and needs to lead the team to come up with all promised deliverables on time within estimated budget. The leader has to choose carefully the leadership style to manage the team at such early stage to get them to best point of efficiency as soon as possible.
2. Identify the Feasible Alternatives.
In the 1960s, Bruce W. Tuckman produced one of the most quoted models of group development. In his model, he affirmed that each new team goes through minimum four stages of development to reach its full capacity of performance. The stages are forming, storming, norming and performing.
In the forming stage, people are usually polite and positive. They might be even excited about the new job and tasks ahead. However, they are not clear about their roles and responsibilities. It is the project manager role to clarify the main goals and individual tasks.
Storming usually starts where there is a conflict between team member natural working styles, conflict is very common at this stage as people get more into interaction and try to resist the influence of the group. Emotional reactions are dominant and it is the stage where many may fail to proceed.
Resistance is overcome in the third stage as people start to resolve their differences. They know that they are different and they appreciate each other strengths and they try to complement the weaknesses. They have no more resistance to the authority of the leader. In work environment, they start to express their own personal opinions. The stage is called Norming.
Finally, the team arrives at the final stage of team building where hard work is being done. Systems, roles, structures are all clear and all team members are more focused on getting things done. Delegation is easier at this stage and system is functioning well. The final stage is referred to as performing stage.
Figure 1: Leadership Activities at Different Group Formation Stages 
3. Team Stage Assessment
Takatuf14 team members mutually agreed to use the 32 items questionnaire developed by Donald Clark to find out the team building stage and decide the suitable style of leadership. The results are as following
The statistic analysis of the data is summarized as below
|Stage Name||Maximum||Mode||Minimum||Mean||Standard Deviation||P 90|
4. Selection of criteria
Probability 90 has been chosen as the standard deviation is high and hence better to work with more confidence or probability and be prepared for worst results.
5. Analysis and comparison of alternatives
The analysis has shown that, the team is in the performing stage. That might be true as it can be seen that all have responded very fast in filling the survey and some have given their excuses in due time. However, we cannot assure this outcome at this point of time as standard deviation is quite big and shows no much clarity in understanding of each other and the assigned tasks. Team members might be not very clear with questions while filling the questionnaire.
6. Selection of the Suitable Style of Leadership
Based on the above outcome, the leader or program manager may start delegating tasks and activities to team members. However, he must be very careful while doing that as all members are not, for sure, at the performing stage. The manager may opt to use the directive leadership style for some time with readiness for conflict resolving at any time. The focus must be more on making all feel as essential part of the team.
7. Performance Monitoring and the Post Evaluation of Result.
The program manager can use the delegation style of leadership. However, he may refer back to other leadership styles as appropriate. He should make sure; that he has a team and not individuals. The monitoring and guidance may be essential especially during the first few weeks.
- Wikipedia.org.(2104). ‘’Tuckman’s stages of group developmenthttp’’ Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tuckman’s_stages_of_group_development
- WordPress.com.(2014)‘’Kristal AACE 2014’’ Retrieved form http://kristalaace2014.wordpress.com/2014/02/25/w1_yaw_tuckman-assessment/#more-54
- Mindtools.com. (2014). ‘’Forming, Storming, Norming, and Performing ‘’ Retrieved from http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newLDR_86.htm
- Cscaweb.org. (2012). Survey: what stage is Your Team In?. Retrieved from http://www.cscaweb.org/EMS/sector_team/support_files/tools_for_the_team/tool_stage.pdf